Use of Archive Materials and Images

You may use these materials on a fair use basis only, in accordance with Title 17, Section 107 of the United States Code.  The doctrine of fair use includes limited use for personal study, research and teaching.  The Virginia Beach Public Library welcomes fair use of our website and its contents. 

The transmission or reproduction of materials protected by copyright beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of Virginia Beach Public Library.  In addition, the reproduction of some materials may be restricted by terms of gift or purchase agreements, donor restrictions, privacy and publicity rights, licensing and trademarks.  The Library will provide any available information regarding the copyright owner and restrictions on use of particular materials.

The Library cannot and will not make any warranty or representation, express or implied, oral or in writing, that a particular use of material is not an infringement of any copyright or property right of any third party.  The full responsibility for following all copyright, property and libel laws rests exclusively with the user.  This includes determining the existence of such copyrights, obtaining any/all permissions and/or paying associated fees necessary for the proposed use.  Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owner.

Images are for non-profit educational purposes only.  Non-profit educational uses include:

  • Projected classroom presentations.
  • Projected presentations at conferences
  • Postings on restricted educational web sites
  • Single copies as printouts of personal research notes
  • Printouts to illustrate student papers for courses
Reproduction for all other uses requires the express written permission of Virginia Beach Public Library.  These non-educational uses may include:

  • Printed or electronic publication in books, newspapers, magazines or journals
  • Printed or electronic publication in publicity materials
  • Posting on unrestricted websites
  • Commercial uses of any type
  • Any other uses
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